It is that time of the year again, when the city gets cold, and we start to huddle indoors and consume more food. One of the things that we should be looking out for is the amount of calories and sugar that we are consuming, especially those with the diabetes condition.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to process food. Normally, the body breaks down the food (carbohydrates and other sugars) into smaller molecules called glucose for the body to process. Glucose is the main fuel for the body, and needs a hormone called insulin to take in the glucose and use it as energy. Diabetes happens when your body does not produce the insulin, or makes defected insulin, which prevents cells from taking up glucose from the bloodstream. When the glucose is not taken up by the cells via insulin, it builds and starts to affect other aspects of your body by damaging the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, heart, eyes and nervous system.
According to Diabetes Australia (www.diabetesaustralia.com.au) diabetic eye disease happens when diabetes starts to affect the eye (ocular) health. This happens when the blood vessels become weak, and starts leaking fluid and blood into the retinal cells, (more…)